Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2), a single-stranded RNA virus with largest genomes (∼ 29,800 bases) of all viruses, causes the infectious disease, COVID-19. SARS-CoV-2 is a zoonotic betacoronavirus transmitted through airborne and fecal-oral routes infecting nasal, lung, and intestinal tissues causing over 26 million confirmed coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) cases and nearly 900,000 associated deaths worldwide as of September 2020. The surface of SARS-CoV-2 is covered with copies of spike glycoprotein (SGP) that plays a pivotal role in virus entry in host cells utilizing angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) as an attachment and entry receptor. We have successfully made a high titer replication-incompetent third-generation lentiviral vector pseudotyped with SARS-2-CoV SGP (pLV-S). Upon successful attachment and entry, the lentiviral vector causes enhanced green fluorescent protein (eGFP) to be expressed in the infected cell. Here, we show how the polypharmacological agent, 2-Deoxy-D-glucose (2-DG), a glucose mimic, and well characterized anti-cancer drug, and its analogs inhibit spike protein binding to the ACE2 receptors. This is as suggested from the 2DG and two analogs inhibition, with a low micromolar affinity, the pLV-S attachment and entry resulting in reduced cell fluorescence of infected HEK293 cells. In addition, we describe 2DG and analogs has the potential to deliver polypharmacological effects on the COVID-through inhibition of glycolysis (at energy status), modulation of inflammatory responses (cytokine storm) and alterations in glycosylation of viral proteins. A unique class of adjuvants and mitigants in the anti-SARS-CoV-2 activity is presented here.
Citation Format: Rao V. Papineni, Amitava Adhikary, Ritesh Tandon, Dipanwita Mitra. Inhibition of pseudo SARS-CoV-2 binding activity of a anti-cancer polypharmacological agent analogs [abstract]. In: Proceedings of the American Association for Cancer Research Annual Meeting 2021; 2021 Apr 10-15 and May 17-21. Philadelphia (PA): AACR; Cancer Res 2021;81(13_Suppl):Abstract nr 713.
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